China needs to strengthen core technology research and development of auto parts
The biggest antitrust ticket in history is directly marking the soft parts of China's auto industry. We often say that China's automobile industry is big but not strong, and a prominent manifestation is the dual absence of core parts technology and industry. Although China's auto market has been the largest new car market in the world for 5 years, the annual production and marketing break through 20 million vehicles, but the vast majority of the core parts and components enterprises of passenger cars are set up or absolutely controlled by foreign investment. Chinese passenger car parts and components enterprises produce many kinds of passenger car parts with low technical content such as wheel hub and steering wheel, and lack the core high-tech components enterprises of passenger car.
According to the development and Reform Commission, parts and components involved in the case have been used for more than 20 models of Honda, TOYOTA, Nissan, SUZUKI, Ford and other brands. The illegal behavior lasted for more than 10 years, and the illegal plot was serious. It is not difficult to see from these details that in the "golden ten years" of the Chinese car market, a large number of joint venture brand domestic cars sold on the surface are "rationally distributed" according to the shares of both Chinese and foreign 50:50 shares, but behind the undercurrent of foreign spare parts enterprises relying on the irrational monopoly of profit transfer.
An independent brand automobile company has independently developed an engine plastic intake manifold. With this plastic intake manifold, the engine weight and energy efficiency can be reduced. In some joint venture car manufacturers, because the core intellectual property, purchasing channel and pricing power of this plastic intake manifold are controlled by the foreign side, the unit price is fixed at about 1300 yuan, and the price of the plastic intake manifold made by independent brand auto enterprises is only 200 yuan. Automobile is made up of tens of thousands of parts. It is not difficult to find out that a small example of the intake manifold and the largest single antitrust issued by the China Development and Reform Commission is not difficult to see. Only by mastering the core technology of independent research and development and production of parts and components, can the cost control, purchase control and profit flow control be realized, and the core competitiveness of the independent brand can be truly promoted. Otherwise, the annual profits of the about 20000000 new cars produced and sold in the Chinese pocket will be controlled by the foreign party.
No matter in which industry, it is not the end point to find out the truth of the monopoly and carry out the punishment. It should be put the emphasis on the construction of the new system to eliminate the soil of monopoly. Therefore, the auto industry development policy is being revised by the relevant departments. We should summarize the painful lessons of the core spare parts industry in the first 10 years by the anti ridging case of the parts and spare parts, and rectify the deviation from the height of the top level design.
The market is not the "fat" of the monopolist
Actually, it is not that China has a special liking for the Japanese enterprises in China. In the eyes of antitrust institutions in Europe and America, some Japanese companies, including the three enterprises, have long been the "recidivism" of price monopoly and price Union.
In the fall of 2013, the US Department of justice made a judicial deal with 9 Japanese auto parts manufacturers, who conspired to participate in the price Union, and issued a fine of $740 million (1 dollars for about 6.14 yuan), of which the Japanese Seiko needed to pay a fine of $68 million 200 thousand. According to the US Department of justice, the prices of these Japanese companies are over 30, and some price unions have lasted for more than 10 years.
In March 2014, the European Commission issued an anti monopoly ticket to 4 Japanese companies and 2 European enterprises such as Seiko. Among them, Japan's Seiko was fined 62 million euros (1 euros or 8.17 yuan), and the penalty was 4 million euros. In April, the EU again issued a total of more than 300 million euros for the Japanese companies suspected of high voltage cable price alliance.
China is already one of the top markets in the world in terms of cars and many other products, and has become the "fat meat" in the eyes of some foreign companies. The "bright sword" of Chinese antitrust regulators to the unruly foreign enterprises is not only to maintain the necessary market order and consumers' interests, but also to protect a large number of foreign enterprises.